One of the problems of modern society is child abuse, including sexual abuse. Peculiarities of the psyche of children and their behavior require a special approach in identifying and preventing violence against them. The article discusses the factors that make it difficult to identify actions of a sexual nature with regard to children and ways to overcome these difficulties. Attention is also drawn to factors that may help in identifying violent acts. The problems faced by the child during the investigation and legal proceedings are considered. Factors of increased risk of child abuse are described. Criteria are proposed according to which at the level of school psychologists it is possible to form groups of minors who are at increased risk of becoming victims of sexual violence. Suggestions have been made for the timely prevention of possible sexual offenses. The proposed activities that may be carried out in educational institutions and centers of healthy lifestyle, to prevent such crimes. The classification of persons who are aggressive towards children is given. Signs that are used for classification, summarized in visual form in the tables. The motivation, the criteria for choosing the victim and the methods of manifestation of aggression in each group of the classification presented are described in detail. Profiles of men and women who have committed child abuse or have this propensity are presented. Their profiles describe characterological features, biography features and their lifestyle. Psychiatric criteria of sexual disorders according to the international classification of diseases of the 10th revision and alternative classification of mental disorders are considered.
Article materials may be useful for detecting and preventing sexual abuse. A scientific approach to the classification of perpetrators of violence in describing and recognizing their character traits may make it possible to identify those who are prone to violence. This will prevent crimes of a sexual nature against minors by referring such a person to a psychotherapist or psychiatrist in a timely manner to diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Keywords: sexual abuse, abuser profile, pedophilia, abuser classification, risk factors for child abuse.